Press space bar once to get drop down list.
You can also search by letter name and number rank.
The videos show use of the most common meaning of the verb.
To get back to the dictionary from the help page click on the title PHaVE Help
The verbs are in order from the most common of Rank 1 to the least common of rank 150.
6 verbs have 4 meanings, 34 verbs have 3 meanings, 52 verbs have two meanings and 58 have one meaning.
The % numbers shown for each meaning are helpful when a verb has a number of meanings.
The verbs are from an American English database.
The PHaVE dictionary can be seen as a starter list, remember that many of these verbs on the list will have more than the number of meanings shown.
Try reading some short stories by Michelle Worgan to help understand some phrasal verbs.
Try the PHaVE Trainer, a flashcard program to help memorise the phrasal verb meanings.
Use it in place of general dictionaries for exercises as it will allow more focus on task and less on dictionary skills.
Get students to classify some phrasal verb (PV) meanings into the following categories:
1. Both the verb and the particle retain their literal meanings, the particle often indicating geographical direction, e.g. come back. These are directional PVs and are semantically transparent. And so are easy to learn.
2. The verb has a literal meaning and the particle provides an aspectual meaning, which is redundant, e.g. check out. These are aspectual PVs and are semantically semi-transparent. So are somewhat more diffcult to learn.
3. The verb and the particle don't retain their usual literal meaning, e.g. come up, meaning A (meaning B can be classed as semi-transparent). These are idiomatic PVs and are semantically opaque. These are most difficult to learn.
Definitions taken from Wierszycka, J. (2014). Phrasal Verbs in learner English: a semantic approach. A study based on a POS tagged spoken corpus of learner English. Research In Corpus Linguistics, 1(1), 81-93. doi:10.4304/ricl.1.81-93
Get students to test their understanding by using the TED Corpus Search Engine (link below) to look at examples of a particular phrasal verb and classifying these into meaning groups.
One of the issues with learning phrasal verbs is the form e.g. separable phrasal verbs. English Grammar Profile provides a nice outline of what phrasal verb forms should be known at what CEFR level.
Do explore the English Grammar Profile yourself.
Some information about the research paper on which the verbs are based - Fav the PHaVE pedagogical list for the New Year.
Description of using it in class instead of a full-blown dictionary - …and the classroom stars aligned – in class use of the PHaVE dictionary.
The list is taken from The PHaVE List: A pedagogical list of phrasal verbs and their most frequent meaning senses (2014) by Mélodie Garnier & Norbert Schmitt.
Get the original list.
Thanks to Mélodie Garnier
The dictionary uses original code from mapmeld/diy-dictionary.
Original code for PHaVE trainer bren2010/flashcard.html.
The PHaVE help uses codyhouse faq template.
Paul Raine from Apps4EFL.
Many thanks to Marc (getgreatenglish.com) and Rachael.